Terms, Abbreviations & Acronyms

BIM (building information modelling)
BIM software is used in design and evaluation of buildings, allowing information about construction products and fittings to be imported from BIM libraries.
 
BRE (formally the Building Research Establishment)
The former Government-owned and run BRE is a provate, non-profit organisation concerned with the Built Environment.
 
BREEAM (BRE Environmental Assessment Method)
The green energy rating scheme for buildings, as operated by BRE.
 
BV (Bureau Veritas)
A private sector Certifier for Legality or C-o-C in wood products trading.
 
CARCASSING
Generally timber of coniferous species, originally used for the carcass (ie, frame) of buildings, now graded C16 or C24 in the UK, except when used for non-loadbearing uses, such as noggins or blocking between joists.
 
C16 / C24
Strength classes, commercially available in the UK, primarily for softwoods, usually for construction.  C16 is the lower class, and C24 is the higher class.
 
C-o-C (Chain of Custody)
A scheme which aims to prove an unbroken link (or chain) between all stages of timber purchase and procurement; all the way from the forest, via any importer or merchant, to the final customer.
 
CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora)
It establishes three different Appendices (commonly referred to as 'lists') which give the names of the species of all manner of things - birds, beasts and plants - that are in some way threatened with population reduction or even extinction; and which may be restricted in their trade around the world.  Species on List 1 are illegal to trade in; List 2 may be traded with appropriate licences; and List 3 is “desirable” for upgrading to List 2, if all countries agree to it.
 
CLS
Planed softwood carcassing, normally 38mm thick, and based on the original Canadian Lumber Standard.  Now commonly produced in the UK, Scandinavia, Germany and the Baltic States (but stilled called CLS).
 
Cross laminated timber.
 
CPET (Central Point of Expertise in Timber)
Formally a body funded by DEFRA to give advice and opinions on what may or may not be sustainable and/or legal in timber specifications:  Now disbanded.
 
CPI (Corruption Perceptions Index)
Published by the website Transparency International, it provides an annual review of countries around the world, which gives an opinion on how 'trustworthy' their governments are likely to be, in terms of licensing exports and issuing valid and traceable logging/export licences and other documentation.
 
CSA (Canadian Standards Association)
The Forest Certification Scheme as run by the CSA, to prove Chain of Custody from Canadian forests (verified in the UK by PEFC).
 
DEFRA (Department of the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)
Primarily the former Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. It is responsible - amongst other things - for overseeing the working of the EUTR (qv) within the UK, via the NMO (qv).
 
Due Diligence
Proof (by means of a documented system) that all reasonable steps have been taken by the 'first placer' (qv) of any wood-derived products onto the market within the EU, to ensure that all such products have been legally obtained from their source(s).
 
EPD (Environmental Product Declaration)
An EPD presents LCA information using a well-defined set of product category rules, to promote comparison between products, on the basis of functional units.
 
EUTR
EU timber regulation that requires companies that place wood or wood products on the EU market to assess the risk of illegal wood sourcing and to maintain full records of their actions in mitigating such risk.
 
Flat Grain
A North American term, meaning that the annual growth rings run more or lessperpendicular to the edge / narrow face in rectangular timber sections.
 
FLEGT (Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade)
An administrative arrangement set up between the EU and some other timber - exporting country's Government to prove - by means of documentation and licences - that any wood goods exported from that country have been obtained from trees that were legally felled. This may or may not include forest 'sustainability,' which it does, in the case of Indonesia.
 
FSC (Forest Stewardship Council)
A non-profit organisation which runs one of the two Forest Certification and wood-supply-chain Schemes that are recognised by the UK Government as providing credible proof of Chain of Custody of timber and wood-based products.
 
GFS (Global Forestry Services)
A private sector C-o-C Certifier.
 
Home Grown (Wood)
Lumber grown and processed in the UK.  Can sometimes be called "native" (wood), especially in Ireland.
 
ITTO (International Timber Organisation)
A loose association of interested parties - governments, timber traders and others - who try to ensure that Tropical Forests are used wisely but also commercially.
 
LCA (Life Cycle Analysis)
LCA is a methodology for evaluating the environmental impacts of any product or process. LCA can be conducted from "cradle to gate," or from cradle to grave, and it reports the environmental burdens (e.g. global warming potential, eutrophication, ecotoxicity) of manufacture (and also use).
 
Medium density fibreboard - a manufactured wood-based panel made from wood fibres, with a small percentage of resin.
 
MMC (modern methods of construction)
Several building systems, including timber framed systems, are classed as MMCs, based on the use of off-site factory manufacture for part or all of the assembly process. Wall and roof panels, floor cassettes, pods or volumetric units can then be shipped to site for rapid erection.
 
MTCC/MTCS (Malaysian Timber Certification Council/Scheme)
This provides validated Chain of Custody certification for timbers from Certified Malaysian forests (although it is verified in the UK by PEFC).
 
MYTLAS (Malaysian Timber Legality Assurance System)
Malaysia's own version of a FLEFT VPA Scheme, for verifying the legality schemes in various parts of the world; both for Governments and for private forest owners (but not yet accepted under the FLEGT system by the EU).
 
OLB (Origine et Légalité des Bois)
A french 'legality' Certification Scheme operated by Bureau Veritas (qv).
 
Operator
Within the context of the EUTR (qv), the same thing as the 'first placer on the market' (qv).
 
Oriented Strand Board - a wood-based panel made from small strips of veneer glued and “layered” in two different directions along/across the panel (similar to the veneer layup in plywood).
 
OSS
The Government’s Office of Specification and Standards – this replaced the NMO (National Measurement Office) as the arbiter of acceptable timber Legality and Chain of Custody Schemes.
 
P A R (S4S)
Timber that has been "planed all round."  Also means S4S - "surfaced 4 sides," or DAR "dressed all round."  As distinct from rough sawn, which is timber coming direct from the saw line with no further processing.
 
As above, but with rounded corners, normally about 3mm radius. Normally found in graded carcassing or CLS.
 
PEFC (Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification)
Is a non-profit organisation which provides assurance of a valid Chain of Custody for its own members and for a number of similar Certification Scheme bodies from around the world in a UK Context and is recognised by the UK Government.
 
Plainsawn / through and through
All boards sawn by parallel cuts from the log.
 
PTL
Packaged to length.  All the pieces in a pack are the same length. (As distinct from truck bundled, which is random lengths per package.)
 
Quarter sawn
Timber sawn radially - possibly for decorative figure, such as cladding products, to reduce movement.  Also used in the veneer industry, where it is called "Quarter cut."
 
RPP (Responsible Purchasing Policy)
Members of the TTF (qv) are required to complete an annual return under the RPP to show that they are ensuring legality in their timber purchases and that they have the necessary Due Dilligence (qv) mechanisms in place.
 
Sawfalling
Literally, lumber falling from the saw, that is the whole log is sawn and shipped, and classed as sawfalling.
 
SFI (Sustainable Forestry Initiative)
This is the USA's own Chain of Custody validation scheme, for the USA forests and their wood supply chain (verified in the UK by PEFC).
 
SGS
A private sector legality and C-o-C Certifier.
 
SIPs (structural insulated panels)
Highly insulated wall or roof panels which can be used structurally in housing, these are typically formed using two skins of OSB and a foam insulation core.
 
SVLK (Sistem Verifikasi Legalitas Kayu)
The Indonesian name for its FLEGT VPA legality scheme, which incorporates forest sustainability as well as the legality of logging.
 
TLTV (Timber Legality & Traceability Verification)
A 'legality only' Certification Scheme operated by SGS.
 
TTP (Timber Procurement Policy)
This requires all Government Departments to specify and use timber and 'wood-derived products', which have been legally and sustainably sourced.
 
A UK Trade Association made up mainly of Agents, Importers and Merchants of timber and wood-based panel products (but not of joinery or furniture items). Membership is voluntary, but all members must complete the RPP (qv).
 
VPA (Voluntary Partnership Agreement)
This is generally part of the FLEGT (qv) system, and is the commitment from the exporting country's government to ensure that the FLEGT Licensing system is being operatied correctly.
 
Vertical Grain
A North American term, meaning that the annual growth rings run more or less perpendicular to the wider face. in rectangular timber sections.

 

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