Draft Programme

Materials science & technology for camouflage

  • Active imperceptible artificial electric skin in visible-to-infrared wavelength range
    Seung Hwan Ko, Seoul National University
  • Materials and structures with potential for adapting a soldiers optical signature
    Linda Karlsson, Swedish Defence Research Agency, FOI
  • Visual neuroscience and camouflage: towards an efficient framework for testings and optimisation
    George Lovell, Abertay University
  • Self-assembly of colour tuneable metasurfaces
    Ben Allsopp, Malvern Optical
  • Now you see it... now you don't! The development of negative photochromism for adaptive camouflage
    Louisa Laing, QinetiQ
  • Printable and adaptive graphene based coatings for signature management applications
    Alan Dalton, University of Sussex
  • Adaptive Camouflage: from visible to microwave
    Coskun Kocabas, The University of Manchester, Department of Materials, National Graphene Institute

Camouflage engineering & systems

  • Signature managements for drivers for future land platforms
    William Suttie, DSTL
  • Defeating IR sensors with infrared reflective camouflage nets
    Niklas Ålund, Saab Barracuda AB
  • Redefining dazzle camouflage
    Nick Scott-Samuel, University of Bristol

Holistic camouflage including deception

  • To generalise or to specialise? Studying the optimisation of imperfect camouflage
    Emmanuelle Briolat, Centre for Ecology & Conservation, University of Exeter
  • Assessment of synthetic imagery for use in photo-stimulation trials
    Rebecca Findlay, DSTL
  • Situating camouflage and concealment within contemporary military deception: a big picture view of recent developments
    Neil Verrall, DSTL

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Materials Science & Technology for Camouflage

At the fundamental level materials science has over the past two decades made important advances in adaptive materials (e.g. electrochromics, thermochromics), biomimetic materials (inspired by marine and avian fauna and insects) and improved understanding of human cognition. Metamaterials have established themselves as a new field of research with significant potential for signature management, as have textiles with integrated electronic functionality. New concepts of multifunctionality have been developed but so far not implemented. These advances have been paralleled by advances in threat sensors in an ever wider spectral range.

Camouflage Engineering & Systems

While classic camouflage materials (nets, textiles for uniforms, surface coatings, etc) are still essential, modern materiel faces new challenges of mobility, unpredictable operation environments and asymmetric warfare. New manufacturing technologies (printing, pattern creation, temporary coatings and multifunctionality and additive manufacturing) clearly offer new opportunities to meet future operational challenges.

Holistic camouflage including deception

Recent military operations have not demanded the now current needs for reduction of contrast with the background, avoidance of identification and deception. Deception for example is a topic which has been neglected for many years. The recent operations in Iraq, Afghanistan and the Middle East have not benefitted greatly from camouflage due to the absence of aggressive threat sensors and the asymmetry of these conflicts and technologically unsophisticated (but highly innovative) opposing forces. Camouflage is much more than simply avoiding detection. This is in many situations unavoidable if the military objective is to be achieved. The driving force for camouflage and signature management is to (i) avoid detection (ii) delay identification (iii) hinder engagement in order to make conflict so costly to the opponent that the situation must be resolved by non-violent means.