• Non-reflective coating for optical devices

    Materials World magazine
    A material that has almost the same refractive index of air has been created, by positioning low-reflective silica nanorods onto a thin film of aluminium nitrate. The result is an innovative coating that reflects virtually no light allowing researchers to potentially reduce the negative effect on the performance of optical components and devices.
  • Graphene exists in the free state

    Materials World magazine
    Scientists have attempted to prove that a 2D gauze of carbon atoms, called graphene, can exist in the free state. The material has potential for use in the manufacturing of micromechanical switches and electronic transistors, and more immediately as a substrate to aid transmission electron microscopy.
  • Self-healing anti-corrosion mechanism uses encapsulated corrosion inhibitors

    Materials World magazine
    A self-healing method for structural and functional materials developed by the Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Germany, and the University of Aveiro, Portugal, combines passive barrier and active anti-corrosion mechanisms in one system. Conventional anti-corrosion silica-zirconia sol-gel film matrices are doped with ‘polyelectrolyte nanocontainers’ that release encapsulated organic corrosion inhibitors.
  • First soluble monoclonal nanoscale molecular imprinted polymers developed

    Materials World magazine
    Through the process of living polymerisation, researchers at Cranfield University, UK, claim to have developed the first soluble monoclonal nanoscale molecular imprinted polymers (nanoMIPs) for potential application in analytical chemistry, pharmacology, crime prevention and the food industry.
  • Scientist writing formulae

    Bumpy molecular structure improves hyperpolarisability of optical materials

    Materials World magazine
    Computer modelling techniques at Washington State University showed that varying the shape of molecules to produce a bumpy structure resulted in improved intrinsic hyperpolarisability and performance of optical materials. Studies of new molecules synthesised by a group at the Chinese Academy of Sciences have confirmed the effect.
  • Woolly jumper

    Thin film tungsten diselenide structures with ultra-low thermal conductivities

    Materials World magazine
    Researchers at the Universities of Oregon and Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have used a modulated elemental reactant method to synthesise thin nanocrystalline WSe2 structures with the lowest ever recorded thermal conductivities for a fully dense solid. The technology may lead to improved insulation in a number of applications.
  • X-ray microscope for imaging materials at the nanoscale

    Materials World magazine
    An X-ray microscope has been developed at the University of California, Los Angeles, USA, for quantitative and non-destructive 3D imaging of materials at the nanoscale. Applications include porous materials, semiconductors, inorganic nanostructures and biomaterials.
  • Prizes available for published work

    Acta, a non-profit organisation of which IOM3 is a cooperating society, has established the Student Award.
  • Light-activated anti-viral nanocoating

    Materials World magazine
    A light-activated anti-viral nanocoating for antimicrobial textiles has been developed. This novel coating stems from extensive research on nanotechnology and aims to modify the surface of polymers and fibres to reduce infections in hospitals.
  • Biomimetic coating for electric transmission

    Materials World magazine
    Researchers at Georgia Institute of Technology (GIT), USA, are developing a coating, based on the water repelling, microscale surface structures and nanoscale waxy protrusions of the lotus leaf. It is hoped that the technology may be used to help conserve energy in electric transmission systems, by creating a self-clean insulator surface to prevent leaking, currents, dry band arcing and flashover.