Ali Morshed, Technical Leader at Production Services Network (PSN), Aberdeen, UK, presents his thoughts on gaps in training for new corrosion specialists.
Materials World - all features 2009
Materials scientists are returning to one of the oldest composites, this article considers European projects involving cork.
A look at adhesive bonding in the maritime and offshore industry.
Recycling carbon fibre composites is not straightforward, yet there are strong financial and energy incentives for saving the fibre from landfill. This article presents current mechanisms for retreval of the fibres.
Optical microscopy is being used in determining the causes of road traffic collisions in the UK. Examination of automotive light filaments can provide information on visibility and signalling of intent.
Does prosecuting a company following an accident result in a better health and safety record?
Diamond markets are changing and companies are having to change with them.
Advances in magnetic materials measurement and processes.
Considering the need for light alloy recycling.
The Wilson and Wheeler mines in the USA may produce gold again. Historically yielding high levels of the metal the sites are again under the spotlight.
The issues surrounding accountability for reporting exploration results.
What are PhD students in the UK focusing on in the light metals arena? Materials World finds out
Net shape manufacturing of components is becoming more important due to increasing metals costs and the need for reduced energy use and carbon dioxide emissions. This article considers the processes involved.
Improvements to the FFC Process, an electrochemical method in which solid metal compounds, particularly oxides, are cathodically reduced to the respective metals or alloys in molten salts, are described.
The aerospace and automotive industries are striving to reduce their carbon footprints and their relative impact on the environment. A new alloy A20X may help.
Nexen Inc claims to be pioneering the next generation of oilsands development in Canada, we look at its extraction process.
Company and processing developments in the Bushveld, South Africa.
Dr Stuart Cook, Director of Research, at the Tun Abdul Razak Research Centre in Brickendonbury, UK, discusses how natural rubber can meet the demands of the modern tyre.
This article describes how mimicing the hydrophobicity found in nature may lead to practical applications.
Technical textiles using natural fibres are becoming a more realistic option. John Williams, Principal Lecturer of the TEAM Research Group at De Montfort University, Leicester, UK, explains
2009 is the year of natural fibres. Brett Suddell, Senior Materials Scientist from environmental consultancy ADAS, based in Hereford, UK, reflects
During 2007, the UK’s Materials Knowledge Transfer Network (KTN) carried out technology roadmapping analysis to identify opportunities for particulate materials/products to make a significant contribution to satisfying the future performance needs of power generation plant. This article looks at the surface engineering challenges presented.
This item describes the benefits of surface engineering in alternative energy power stations considering recent tests and looking at the future of such plant.
Describing early attempts to standardise professional mineral resource reporting.
Morgan Tsvangirai, Prime Minister of Zimbabwe, gave the keynote address at the 6th Annual International Mining in Africa Conference held on 23 June in London, UK. He spoke of his plans for the country and its development.
Despite the rise in composites, steels still play a vital role in modern aviation. This article considers the use of the metal and its alloys.
The use of duplex stainless steels in the hydrometallurgical industry is explored. These materials offer advantages in terms of corrosion resistance and price.
Improved steel strength is enhancing the security of warships and affecting manufacturing routes
Pakistan is looking to coal to satisfy its population’s needs for energy, and fuel industry and developing infrastructure. An open pit coal mine is planned with a mine mouth power station.
Salt mining at Winsford is mainly carried out by a continuous miner and all production is used for de-icing. The mine has some 220km of roadways and millions of cubic metres of mined-out rooms.
Metal matrix composite coatings can reduce erosion-corrosion damage in the oilsands industry, the performance of such coatings is being monitored by Leeds University and international partners.
Stress corrosion cracking is difficult to study and forecast. Reliable prediction of crack nucleation and hence the likelihood of achieving a certain lifetime remains a challenge. Researchers at The University of Manchester School of Materials, UK, are taking a multiscale approach to solving this problem, looking at corrosion/oxidation processing, residual stress, deformation, damage and crack development.
A new composite hardfacing coating for extreme environments has been developed for the energy sector.
Professor Rachel Thomson of the Department of Materials at Loughborough University, UK, describes methodologies for the prediction of power plant lifetimes.
Eddie López-Honorato and Ping Xiao from the School of Materials at The University of Manchester, UK, describe how surface engineering developments can help nuclear energy generation.
Dr John Walker from the national Centre for Advanced Tribology at Southampton, UK, describes how tribology can save energy and help the environment.
Lean manufacturing processes can help companies cut costs and increase efficiency. This article presents case studies and explains the importance of whole-staff involvement.
Thermal tracing equipment used for military applications is successfully being transferred to applications such as wildlife welfare and clothing. Information gathered may have other materials related uses.
The first prosecution based on the UK’s 2007 Corporate Manslaughter and Corporate Homicide Act has begun. Guy Bastable, Partner in Business Crime and Regulation at law firm BCL Burton Copeland, based in London, UK, explores the impact of the legislation on industry and the need to review procedures and take preventative steps.
The new EU Machinery Directive will come into force on 29 December 2009. Tony Reynolds, Compliance Consultant at Lorien Engineering Solutions in Lichfield, UK, discusses the implications for manufacturers of machinery, system integrators and end-users.
Professor Simon Bolton, Director of the Centre for Competitive Creative Design at Cranfield University, UK, explores how to navigate the current economic storm through resilient design-led innovation.
With concerns about the state of UK manufacturing, Meagan Ellis takes a look at niche fields where UK firms are making a name for themselves and the challenges that lie ahead.
The Chilisai phosphate rock deposit in Kazakhstan is being mined to supply local markets with fertiliser. This article examines the project.
The merits of geometallurgy over chemical analysis of cores are presented.
An European Framework 6 project has resulted in a new approach to additive optimisation in ceramics. The web tool helps with additive selection.
Modern uses of piezoelectric materials are presented such as energy generation and medical applications.
This item discusses the issues surrounding hydrogen and fuel cells. Long seen as the holy grail of energy, fuel cells are not simple to produce.
Members of the R&D team at Special Metals Corporation in the USA describe the developments of INCONEL alloy 740, suitable for use in the high temperature environments of supercritical boilers for energy generation.
William Herbert and Sam Humphry-Baker, students at Oxford University, UK, consider the country’s strengths in new nuclear build.
The impact of wheel weight is being increasingly felt by today’s vehicle engineers as they strive to reduce CO2 emissions. Better use of materials can meet this reduction and boost performance, says UK-based David Yates, Marketing Manager for Alcoa Forged Specialty Wheels, Europe.
Automated shaped metal deposition is moving forward. Dr Rosemary Gault, Project Manager at the Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre at the University of Sheffield, UK, reports
Paul R Osborne, Product Manager – Aluminium at Siemens VAI, Christchurch, UK, presents the Siroll ALU foil mill.
Jack Harris, who wrote a regular column for Materials World, 'Material Matters', died on 3 February 2009 from a suspected heart attack. His younger brother, Rex, offers his memories of Jack.
With the growth in demand for renewable energy, wind turbines must compete on cost and reliability with other energy sources. This raises the question of how to monitor wind turbine materials when in use. This article considers research carried out to find solutions to the monitoring issue.
UK experts describe the future challenges for nuclear energy.
UK and US researchers have been working to assist development of energy materials and processes.
In December 2007, the Energy Materials Working Group of Materials UK launched its Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) for Energy Materials, accompanied by a series of technical reports. Since then, the Group has been implementing the SRA recommendations.
We all want to know what will happen in the future, for reassurance if not economic gain, and for this we turn to those in the know. Michael Forrest interviewed Paul Renken, Mining Analyst at corporate finance and broking service VSA Capital, based in London, UK.
Historical mining often results in subsidence. A housing estate in Hatfield, UK, faced this issue until remedial work corrected the problem. Michael Forrest reports
The Fischer-Tropsch reaction may offer an economical way to produce third generation biofuels from agricultural waste. This will be largely dependent on the identification and development of improved catalysts.
A UK-based research consortium from the Universities of Ulster and Warwick is building an eco-friendly Formula 3 racing car. They are making use of bio-resins and bio-composites to make a lighter structure and reduce fuel use.
Coal is becoming increasingly important in meeting UK energy needs. Regeneration work is well underway in the Aberpergwm coal mine in South Wales, UK. Michael Forrest finds out more about the strategy for expansion.
Falkland Islands-registered oil and gas company BPC Ltd, is exploring the Bahamas for oil. This area has undergone little exploration activity and the company believes it shows geological promise.
Providing low cost and low carbon emission energy is one aim of the Nanotechnology Knowledge Transfer Network (NanoKTN). Dr Martin Kemp, Materials Theme Manager, describes recent developments in the field. Batteries, fuel cells supercapacitors and photovoleics are discussed.
Flying in an aeroplane is a noisy experience. Materials have been dveloped to reduce the noise and improve the flying experience.
Daw Mill in north Warwickshire is the UK's largest underground coal mine. An expansion is planned and the mine is making the most of modern technology.
Professor Ian Plimer of the University of Adelaide, Australia, presents his conclusions on climate change. He predicts that the Earth will cool in coming years and that volcanic action is responsible for this process.
The microelectronic packaging market is described with forecasts for 2009.Electronics packaging will continue to grow in complexity over coming years.
Dan Hewak, from the Optoelectronics Research Centre at the University of Southampton, UK, describes the use of chalcogenide glass for new electronic and optoelectronic materials.
Describing developments foe electronic applications. Existing technologies are being applied to thin film photovolteic solar cells for improved products.
Accelerated product development for (opto)electronics may be possible with high throughput methods developed by Ilika Technologies Ltd. Automated technologies can to make ‘libraries’ of hundreds or thousands of systematically varying materials, which can then be screeded for useful properties.
Rapid developments in electronic equipment have led to a disposable culture. Martin Goosey, Industrial Director of the Innovative Electronics Manufacturing Research Centre at Loughborough University, UK, discusses regulations and drivers for more eco-friendly electronics.
Corporate social responsibility has grown in importance to the minerals industry. This article examines examples of CSR policies.
UK oilfields provided a lifeline to Briatain during WWII. This article described the Eakring oil operation and the Duke's Wood site in Nottinghamshire, which now houses an oil museum.
This article puts the global economic downturn into context and reminds investors that values fluctuate. It suggests that caution is always needed and that financial decisions should always be based on fact.
The Fraser Institute and the Metals Economic Group both offer surveys providing exploration related information. This article provides an overview of the information available.
Donald Douglas, CEO of Cambridge Risk Ltd, UK, explains the challenges of hedging.
Humans are used to throwing away items at the end-of-life. This article argues that economic and environmental value can be gained from the mining of rubbish tips.
12 February sees the 200th anniversary of the birth of Charles Darwin and the 150th anniversary of the publication of his epochmaking book, On the Origin of Species.
The most important mining exploration decision is to determine the region in which to carry it out. One country that has attracted interest is Armenia, where the Amulsar prospect shows promise. Induced polarisation geophysics has identified favourable electrically-resistive bodies corresponding to bulk low-grade silicified breccia bodies at three locations within the prospect.
Polyethylene pipe systems may provide solutions for the global water challenge. It is argued that they are cost effective accross the lifecycle and that ease of laying offers environmental benefits.
Professor Dame Julia Higgins, former Principal of the Faculty of Engineering at Imperial College London, UK, explains neutron scattering with reference to the £200m second target station to complement the existing neutron source at ISIS, UK, which will be optimised for the production of long-wavelength neutrons.
The Microscale Polymer Processing initiative links industry research groups to eight university teams with expertise in physics, chemistry, engineering, mathematics and computer science. The aim was to design new plastics at the molecular level, with all the subsequent processing and product properties targetted from the design of the polymerisation itself. The group now knows the basic rules connecting molecular structure to process performance in polymer melts, and how to tailor the rules for any chemistry of polymer chain.
When first developed, pneumatic tyres used vulcanised natural rubber (polyisoprene), synthetic rubber took over and now advances in materials science offer tyre manufacturers the chance to significantly reduce their environmental impact, making a product that is ‘greener’ in terms of manufacture and service.
From locating water supplies in Africa to advising the Canadian Government on nuclear waste management, Dr Anthony Hodge’s career has spanned the full environmental gammit. Now, as President of the International Council on Mining and Metals in London, UK, he hopes to bring his message of sustainability and cooperation to the mining industry. Meagan Ellis reports