Hummingbird geologist

Under the surface - mining in Liberia

The mining industry in Liberia is undergoing a renaissance.
The first chalcogenide glass microsphere laser, developed by Greg Elliott while a PhD student at the University of Southampton opened the way for a new geometric structure for mid-IR lasers

Ions shine on - uses of rare earth ions

The range of uses rare earth ions provide for technological development are seemingly endless. Professor Daniel Hewak, head of the Novel Glasses for Optoelectronic Devices Research Group at The University of Southampton, UK shows how this valuable commodity is already changing the world.
The Broxburn Bing near Edinburgh (fig 3)

Not costing the Earth - unconsidered waste materials

Dr Alex Finlay from the Geochemical Reclamation of Industrial Minerals and Elements (GRIME) research group at Durham University, UK, outlines plans for the investigation and development of unconsidered waste materials as a green rare earth element resource.

Critical mass - rare earth elements

There are constant warnings about the risks of exhausting supply of vital resources, including the impact on our way of life. Professor Animesh Jha, from the Institute for Materials Research at the University of Leeds, UK, examines the sources of rare earth elements and the research driving their use in emerging technologies.

On the surface - preparation of rare earth metals

Dr Steve Barrett from the University of Liverpool, UK, has been studying rare earth metals for 20 years. Here he explains how preparation of the surface layer is crucial to the functionality of these scarce elements.