TUESDAY, 19 JANUARY 2021 at 1000 GMT
Additive manufacturing is a fast-growing technology with applications in a variety of areas such as: biomedical implants, aerospace components and structures. Achieving complex-shaped architectures in high melting point alloys and in ceramics is still challenging, but additive manufacturing of polymer-derived ceramics enables breakthroughs in geometrical complexity of ceramic structures.
This lecture focuses on solving the problem of applying nanostructured ceramic materials with complex shapes. The new concepts of supra-nanostructured materials and nanostructured dual-phase (glass-nanocrystal) composites will be discussed. The first supra-nanometre-sized, dual-phase, glass-crystal coatings were fabricated using the PVD process. The obtained supra-nanostructured magnesium alloy consists of ~6nm sized core crystals embedded in 2nm glassy shells. The mechanical properties are ten times higher than conventional crystal magnesium alloys. The second example is nanostructured, glass-nanocrystalline, aluminum-based alloys with very high deformation capacity and strength. The potential developments of nanostructured dual-phase (glass and nanocrystalline) functional materials with specific biocompatibility or optical properties and ultra-high strength can be anticipated.
Four-dimensional (4D) printing technology, which combines traditional three-dimensional (3D) printing with structural deformation , has been developed. 4D printing enables more complex shapes to be created than is possible with conventional 3D printing. Achieving this in ceramics, however, has been hindered by the fact that 3D-printed ceramic precursors are usually rigid and thus difficult to be deformed after full crosslinking. Directly 3D printed metallic materials have lower fatigue resistance compared to their counterparts produced by the powder metallurgy technologies including HIP. We will present their potential application in biomedical implants. The post-treatment of 3D printed components in a titanium alloy can drastically enhance the fatigue resistance. Finally, the perspective of new 4D printing methods with associated control media will be presented.
Register to attend 'Recent Developments in Additive Manufacturing' at 1000GMT on Tuesday, 19 January 2021.