Researchers at the University of Southampton, UK, are working to create a more coherent calibration strategy for thermoelastic stress analysis (TSA) to better characterise and engineer complex composite components. The aim is to eventually create non-contact inspection tools and
systems, enabling industry to obtain real-time measurements.
European researchers have engineered a Schottky zinc oxide diode/selector to help pave the way for crossbar architecture. Crossbar may eventually replace flash technology in non-volatile memory devices.
A low-energy drying technique for aggregates in hydraulic lime mortar has been developed by a UK consortium. The research aims to make lime mortars commercially viable for new
build projects, as they have the ability to make bricks easier to
recycle and contain around 45% less embodied CO2 than cement mortars.
Optimised circuit designs for complementary metal oxide semiconductors (CMOS) are said to have proven the commercial potential of 45nm chips for high-speed and low-powered wireless applications. Participants in the European NANO-RF project have
adapted digital circuitry for radio
frequencies (RFs) beyond 60GHz.
An electrochemical device has been developed to detect bacterial biofilm formation on metals exposed to seawater. Scientists at the University of Southampton, UK. hope to adapt their system for monitoring marine seawater pipes and aim
to identify natural biocides that can destroy biofilms, replacing the toxic chemicals currently used.
Shape memory alloys (SMAs) have been incorporated into textiles for the first time, say researchers participating in a pan-European project called Avalon. They have developed prototypes using nickel-titanium (Nitinol) wire – including a motorcycle
helmet, a stent graft for treating vascular diseases and an orthopaedic
Seven power generation technologies ‘bid’ for hypothetical funding from UK organisations at an event that followed the format of UK TV programme Dragon’s Den. The exercise enabled speakers from the marine, fossil, offshore
wind, nuclear, biomass/waste, fuel cell and solar photovoltaic (PV)
industries to present their business cases in support of materials
R&D in the hope of influencing future strategy.
Nanoindentation is helping UK researchers to accelerate the search for reliable lead-free solders for use in electronics in aerospace.
Scientists at Oxford University are characterising SAC materials, which are alloys of tin, silver and copper (Sn-Ag-Cu).