Optimising iron and steel waste

Solutions for waste recovery have gained impetus in recent years. The Waste Recovery in Ironmaking and Steelmaking Processes event, held in London, UK, symbolised the importance of sharing knowledge in the sector.
Kingston Speech Valve/Image courtesy of Avoco Medical, Hull, UK

Zirconia speech valve

A speech valve made from zirconia could improve the performance of such devices for laryngectomy patients by combatting biofilm adhesion. This is said to prolong the valve’s life by more than 15 months.
circuit board

Streamlining spacecraft electronics

Spacecrafts of the future could feature streamlined electronics systems, thanks to a five-year, US$12m project.